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A barn and silo under a blue sky.
  1. Farm efficiency in the United States
  2. Who Farms in the United States?
  3. Growth of Large Corporate Farming
  4. Minorities as Farm Operators
  5. Agricultural Subsidies
  6. Food for Peace Program
  7. Major Crops in the United States
  8. Major U.S. Crops: Corn
  9. Major U.S. Crops: Soybeans
  10. Major U.S. Crops: Wheat
  11. Major U.S. Crops: Cotton
  12. Planting and Harvesting Cotton
  13. Major U.S. Crops: Rice
  14. How Rice Is Grown in the United States
  15. Dairy Farming in the United States
  16. Cheese Production in the United States
  17. Poultry and Meat Production in the United States
  18. Raising Cattle for Beef
  19. Factory Farming
  20. Farm Mechanization in the United States
  21. Biotechnology and Farming in the United States
  22. Organic Farming in the United States
  23. Farm Aid
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Two African American men stand by a green tractor.
Two African American farmers with a John Deere tractor.
Photo Courtesy of the United States Department of Agriculture.
Minorities as Farm Operators
The number of African-American farmers has declined at a rate three times greater than that of white farmers. African-Americans now make up less than 1% of the nation’s farmers. For years, African-American farmers said that discrimination against them in loan programs by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) was a major reason for the disappearance of African-American farmers. Without easy access to the low interest government farm loans that white farmers received, many African-American farmers were forced out of business. In 1997, African American farmers filed a class action lawsuit against the USDA demanding compensation from the government. The USDA admitted that there had been discrimination against African-American farmers and offered them cash payments and remission of any loans they had. Click on PICTURES below to see a photo of an African American man tending his crops. Click on CHARTS and MAPS below for additional information about minority farm workers.
Special Terms: minority  |  African American  |  loan programs  |  class action lawsuit

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